In an address to the nation on Guru Nanak Jayanti, PM Modi said, “We worked to provide farmers with seeds at reasonable rates and facilities like micro-irrigation, 22 crore soil health cards. Such factors have contributed to increased agricultural production. However, we failed to make them understand about the benefits of the new laws and as such, we have decided to roll them back.”
After several rounds of talks between the government and farmer unions failed to end the protests, the Supreme Court stayed the implementation of three farm laws.
Akhilesh says ‘fake apology’ won’t work in upcoming polls
Samajwadi Party chief Akhilesh Yadav said that the Centre’s decision to repeal the three farm laws is the victory of farmers and democracy. “People will not forgive them (Centre) in the upcoming polls. This fake apology won’t work…People who have apologised should also resign from politics forever,” said Akhilesh Yadav.
“Laws have been withdrawn for votes as govt is scared of elections. What if they bring back such laws after polls. They’re not thinking about farmers; insulted them at every level. WiIl BJP apologise?” he added.
Amit Shah tweets on announcement of taking back three farm laws by prime minister modi:
PM @narendramodi’s announcement relating to the farm laws is a welcome and statesmanlike move.
As the Prime Minister pointed out in his address, the Government of India will keep serving our farmers and always support them in their endeavours.
— Amit Shah (@AmitShah) November 19, 2021
What are the three farm laws
The Farmer’s Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020 or the FPTC Act
This law allowed farmers to trade their produce outside the physical markets notified under various state Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee laws (APMC acts). It overrode all the state-level APMC acts.
Farmers feared the new rules would lead to inadequate demand for their produce in local markets. They said transporting the produce outside mandis would not be possible because of lack of resources. This is precisely why they sell their produce at lesser than MSP prices in local markets.
Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020
The law sought to create a legal framework for contract farming in its Sections 3-12. The farmers could enter into a direct agreement with a buyer before sowing season to sell their produce at pre-determined prices. It allowed setting up of farming agreements between farmers and sponsors. The law, however, did not mention the MSP that buyers need to offer to farmers.
Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020
An amendment, to the Essential Commodities Act, 1955, this law did away with the Centre’s powers to impose stockholding limit on food items, except under extraordinary circumstances.
It also removed commodities such as edible oil, onion, and potato from the list of essential commodities. It enabled the government to regulate their supply or include these items back into the list only under “extraordinary circumstances” as per Section 1 (A) of the new law. This would not impact farmers much, experts had said.